How To Write An Essay - Conclusion With Actual Examples
it's, etc. Make sure you know how to use apostrophes correctly. Look for mistakes involving general punctuation. Check for run-on sentences, commas and periods inside quotation marks, as well as sparely-used dashes, colons, and semi-colons. 4 At the same time, try to keep your language short, sweet, and to the point. A thesaurus is a great tool, but don't just use big words to sound fancy. The best essays are clear, concise, and easily understood by a wide audience. Focus on writing killer verbs for sentences. Verbs communicate the action in a sentence and drive the action. A great verb can be the difference between a bland sentence and a beautiful one. Use adjectives lightly. Adjectives are great descriptive words, but when used indiscriminately, they can burden an essay and make it less readable. Try to let the verbs and nouns do most of the heavy lifting before you focus on adjectives. 5 Avoid colloquial (informal) writing. Do not use contractions or abbreviations (e.g., don't, can't, won't, shouldn't, could've, or haven't). Your essay should have a serious tone, even if it's written in a light or lyrical style. 6 Analyze how your essay flows. Does each sentence lead smoothly to the next? Does each paragraph flow logically to the next? Good connections will help your ideas to flow: When events happen in sequence: I first started to realize that I was in the minority when I was in middle school...My realization was confirmed when I proceeded to high school. If sentences elaborate on each other: Plants need water to survive...A plant's ability to absorb water depends on the nutrition of the soil. When an idea contrasts with another idea: Vegetarians argue that land is unnecessarily wasted by feeding animals to be eaten as food...Opponents argue that land being used for grazing would not be able to be used to create any other kind of food. If you're relaying a cause and effect relationship: I will be the first person in my family to graduate from college...I am inspired to continue my family's progress through the generations. When connecting similar ideas: Organic food is thought to be better for the environment . . . local food is believed to achieve the same goals. 7 Cut information that's not specifically related to your topic. You don't want your essay to ramble off-topic. Any information that doesn't directly or indirectly support your thesis should be cut out. 8 Have someone read your paper aloud to you, or record yourself reading it aloud and play it back. Your ears are sometimes better than your eyes at picking up mistakes in language. The essay should sound like it has a good flow and understandable words. 9 Rewrite any problematic body passages. If needed, rearrange sentences and paragraphs into a different order. Make sure that both your conclusion and introduction match the changes that you make to the body. Part 3 Writing a Persuasive Essay 1 Compose your essay with a clear purpose. A persuasive essay is designed to sway the reader to adopt your point of view about a topic. These are good examples of persuasive essay topics you might write about: Whether governments should or should not fund embryonic stem cell research. Whether love is a virtue or a vice. Why Why American citizens should be forced to vote. 2 Write your essay as though you are conducting a debate. When you speak in a debate, you introduce your topic, list your evidence and draw a conclusion for the people who are listening. A persuasive essay has a similar structure. 3 Collect facts from good sources to justify your opinions. Support your argument with reasoned facts. A well-written essay is great, but a well-argued essay is undeniable. In addition to doing research, you can perform empirical experiments including taking surveys, doing interviews or conducting experiments. Survey results or interviews could be great pieces of information to start your essay with. Tell a story about the facts. Don't just list the facts; tell a story! For example: "Since the death penalty has been reinstated, more than 140 inmates on death row have been released after evidence proved them innocent. Ask yourself: How would you like to be one of those 140 wrongfully-convicted inmates?" 4 Discuss conflicting opinions. Present the other side of your argument and use logic and facts to show why the other side's opinion is either inaccurate or not up-to-date. For example: "Some people argue that the death penalty acts as a deterrent to crime. Time after time, evidence has disproved this theory. The death penalty, in fact, does not act as a deterrent to crime: The South accounts for 80% of US executions and has the highest regional murder rate." 5 Tie all your ideas together in a gripping conclusion. Be sure to stress your thesis, or what you are arguing for or against, one last time. Use some of the information you have discussed, or a story you've saved, to color your conclusion a little bit. Part 4 Writing an Expository Essay 1 Choose a subject for your essay. You'll be investigating a topic and presenting an argument about the topic based on evidence. For example, you could write an expository essay arguing that embryonic stem cell research can lead to cures for spinal cord injuries and illnesses like Parkinson's or diabetes. Expository essays differ from persuasive essays because you aren't stating an opinion. You're stating facts that you can back up with research. 2 Definitions. Definition essays explain the meaning of terms or concepts. Classification. Classification essays organize a topic into groups starting with the most general group and narrowing down to more specific groups. Compare and contrast. In this type of essay, you'll describe either the similarities and differences (or both) between ideas or concepts. Cause and effect. These essays explain how topics affect each other and how they are interdependent. How-to. How-to essays explain the steps required for completing a task or a procedure with the goal of instructing the reader. 3 Keep your views unbiased. Expository essays aren't about opinions. They are about drawing a conclusion based on verifiable evidence.  This means keeping your perspective balanced and focusing on what the facts tell you. You might even find that, with new information, you'll have to revise your essay. If you started out writing about the scarcity of information regarding global warming, but came across a bunch of scientific evidence supporting global warming, you at least have to consider revising what your essay is about. 4 Use the facts to tell the story. The facts will tell the story itself if you let them. Think like a journalist when writing an expository essay. If you put down all the facts like a reporter, the story should tell itself. Don't mess with structure in expository essays. In narrative essays, you can twist and turn the structure to make the essay more interesting. Be sure that your structure in expository essays is very linear, making it easier to connect the dots. Part 5 Write a Narrative Essay 1 Tell your story vividly and accurately. A narrative essay recounts an incident that either you or others have experienced. In a narrative essay, you could describe a personal experience in which embryonic stem cell research could have helped you or someone you love conquer a debilitating condition. 2 Include all of the elements of good storytelling. You'll need an introduction, setting, plot, characters, climax and conclusion. Introduction: The beginning. How are you going to set the story up? Is there something useful or important here that gets mentioned later on? Setting: Where the action takes place. What does it look like? Which words can you use to make the reader feel like they are there when they read it? Plot: What happens. The meat of the story, the essential action. Why is the story worth telling? Characters: Who's in the story. What does the story tell us about the characters? What do the characters tell us about the story? Climax: The suspenseful bit before anything is resolved. Are we left hanging on the edges of our seat? Do we need to know what happens next? Conclusion: How everything resolves. What does the story mean in the end? How have things, people, ideas changed now that the end is revealed? 3 Have a clear point of view. Most narrative essays are written from the author's point of view, but you can also consider other perspectives as long as your point of view is consistent. Utilize the pronoun "I" if you are the narrator. In a narrative essay, you can use first person. However, make sure that you don't overdo it. In all essays, you sound more authoritative if you state facts or opinions in third person. 4 Make a point. You're telling a story, but the purpose of the story is to make a specific point. Introduce your main idea in your thesis statement, and make sure that all of your story elements tie back to your thesis statement. What did you learn? How is your essay an exploration of the things that you learned? How have you changed? How is the "you" that started the essay different from the "you" now? Related to, but different from, the "what did you learn?" question. 5 Choose your language carefully. You will use words to evoke emotions in your reader, so choose your words deliberately.