One Word | Christopher Columbus | Native Americans

quotes “I went to sea from the most tender age and have continued in a sea life to this day. Whoever gives himself up to this art wants to know the secrets of Nature here below. It is more than forty years that I have been thus engaged. Wherever any one has sailed, there I have sailed.” “Speaking of myself, little profit had I won from twenty years of service, during which I have served with so great labors and perils, for today I have no roof over my head in Castile; if I wish to sleep or eat, I have no place to which to go, save an inn or tavern, and most often I lack the wherewithal to pay the score.” “They say that there is in that land an infinite amount of gold, and that the people wear corals on their heads and very large bracelets of coral on their feet and arms; and that with coral they adorn and inlay chairs and chests and tables.” “This island and all the others are very fertile to a limitless degree, and this island is extremely so. In it there are many harbors on the coast of the sea, beyond comparison with others that I know in Christendom, and many rivers, good and large, which is marvellous.” “Our Almighty God has shown me the highest favor, which, since David, he has not shown to anybody.” “Already the road is opened to gold and pearls, and it may surely be hoped that precious stones, spices, and a thousand other things, will also be found.” “I have now seen so much irregularity, that I have come to another conclusion respecting the earth, namely, that it is not round as they describe, but of the form of a pear.” “In all the countries visited by your Highnesses' ships, I have caused a high cross to be fixed upon every headland, and have proclaimed, to every nation that I have discovered, the lofty estate of your Highnesses, and of your court in Spain.” “Thus the story of Christopher Columbus reminds us that all fruitful exploration and discovery begins with a willingness to set one's sails higher, to seek new horizons, and to follow wherever one's imagination and experience might lead. It also reminds us that industry and labor are the foundation of learning and progress.” (George H.W. Bush)” “I ought to be judged as a captain sent from Spain to the Indies, to conquer a nation numerous and warlike, with customs and religions altogether different to ours.” —Christopher Columbus Synopsis Explorer and navigator Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in the Republic of Genoa, Italy. His first voyage into the Atlantic Ocean in 1476 nearly cost him his life. Columbus participated in several other expeditions to Africa. In 1492 Columbus left Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Niña along side. He has been credited for opening up the Americas to European colonization. Early Voyages Explorer and navigator Columbus was born in 1451, in the Republic of Genoa (Italy) to the son of a weaver. Columbus first went to sea as a teenager, participating in several trading voyages in the Mediterranean and Aegean seas. One such voyage, to the island of Khios, in modern day Greece, brought him the closest he would come to Asia. His first voyage into the Atlantic Ocean in 1476 nearly cost him his life as the commercial fleet he was sailing with was attacked by French privateers off the coast of Portugal. His ship was burned and Columbus had to swim to the Portuguese shore and make his way to Lisbon, Portugal, where he eventually settled and married Felipa Perestrello. The couple had one son, Diego around 1480. His wife died soon after and Columbus moved to Spain. He had a second son Fernando who was born out of wedlock in 1488 with Beatriz Enriquez de Arana. Columbus participated in several other expeditions to Africa gaining knowledge of the Atlantic currents flowing east and west from the Canary Islands. Muslim domination of the trade routes through the Middle East made travel to India and China difficult. Believing a route sailing west across the Atlantic would be quicker and safer, Columbus devised a plan to sail west to reach the East. He estimated the earth to be a sphere approximately 63% its actual size and the distance between the Canary Islands and Japan to be about 2,300 miles. Many contemporary nautical experts disagreed, adhering to the second century BC estimate of the earth's circumference at 25,000 miles. This made the distance between the Canary Islands and Japan about 12,200 statute miles. While experts disagreed with Columbus on matters of distance, they concurred that a westward voyage from Europe would be an uninterrupted water route. First Voyage to the New World Rejected by the Portuguese king for a three-ship voyage of discovery, Columbus took his plan first to Genoa and then to Venice but was rejected there, too. He then went to the Spanish monarchy of Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon, in 1486. Their nautical experts were also skeptical and initially, Columbus was rejected. The idea, however, must have intrigued the monarchs, for they kept Columbus on a retainer. But their focus was on a war with the Muslims. Columbus would have to wait. Columbus continued to lobby the royal court and soon after the Spanish army captured the last Muslim stronghold in Granada in January of 1492. Shortly after, the monarchs agreed to finance his expedition. In August of 1492, Columbus left Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Niña along side. After 36 days of sailing, Columbus and several crewmen set foot on an island in the present day Bahamas, claiming it for Spain. There he encountered a timid but friendly group of natives who were open to trade with the sailors exchanging glass beads, cotton balls, parrots and spears. The Europeans also noticed bits of gold the natives wore for adornment. Columbus and his men continued their journey, visiting the islands of Cuba and Hispaniola (now Haiti and the Dominican Republic) and meeting with the leaders of the native population. During this time, the Santa Maria was wrecked on a reef off the coast of Hispaniola. With the help of some islanders, Columbus' men salvaged what they could and built the settlement Villa de la Navidad ("Christmas Town") with lumber from the ship. Thirty-nine men stayed behind to occupy the settlement. Convinced his exploration had reached Asia, he set sail for home with the two remaining ships. Subsequent Voyages Returning to Spain in 1493, Columbus gave a glowing, somewhat exaggerated report and was warmly received by the royal court. That same year he took to the seas on his second expedition and explored more islands in the Caribbean Ocean. Upon arrival at Hispaniola, Columbus and his crew discovered the Navidad settlement had been destroyed with all the sailors massacred. Spurning the wishes of the queen, who found slavery offensive, Columbus established a forced labor policy over the native population to rebuild the settlement and explore for gold, believing it would prove to be profitable. His efforts produced small amounts of gold and great hatred among the native population. Before returning to Spain, Columbus left his brothers Bartholomew and Diego to govern the settlement on Hispaniola and sailed briefly around the larger Caribbean islands further convincing himself he had discovered the outer islands of China. It wasn't until his third voyage that Columbus actually reached the mainland exploring the Orinoco River in present-day Venezuela. Unfortunately, conditions at the Hispaniola settlement had deteriorated to the point of near-mutiny with settlers claiming they had been misled by Columbus' claims of riches and complaining about the poor management of his brothers. The Spanish Crown sent a royal official who arrested Columbus and stripped him of his authority. He returned to Spain in chains to face the royal court. The charges were later dropped but Columbus lost his titles as governor of the Indies and for a time, much of the riches made during his voyages. Convincing King Ferdinand that one more voyage would bring the abundant riches promised, Columbus went on what would be his last voyage in 1502, traveling along the eastern coast of Central America in an unsuccessful search for a route to the Indian Ocean. A storm wrecked one of his ships stranding the captain and his sailors on the island of Cuba. During this time, local islanders, tired of the Spaniards' poor treatment and obsession with gold, refused to give them food. In a spark of inspiration, Columbus consulted an almanac and devised a plan to "punish" the islanders by taking away the moon. On February 29, 1504, a lunar eclipse alarmed the natives enough to re-establish trade with the Spaniards. A rescue party finally arrived, sent by the royal governor of Hispaniola in July and Columbus and his men were taken back to Spain in November of 1504. Mixed Legacy In the two remaining years of his life, Columbus struggled to recover his lost titles, although he did regain some of his riches in May of 1505; however, his titles were never returned. He died May 20, 1506 still believing he had discovered a shorter route to Asia. Columbus' legacy is a mixed one. He has been credited for opening up the Americas to European colonization as well as blamed for the destruction of the native peoples of the islands he explored. On the one hand, he failed to find that what he set out for - a new route to Asia and the riches it promised. However, in what is known as the Columbian Exchange, his expeditions set in motion the wide-spread transfer of people, plants, animals, diseases, and cultures that greatly affected nearly every society on the planet. The horse from Europe allowed Native American tribes in the Great Plains of North America to shift from a nomadic to a hunting lifestyle. Foods from the Americas such as potatoes, tomatoes and corn became staples of Europeans and helped increase their populations. Wheat from Europe and the Old World fast became a main food source for people in the Americas. Coffee from Africa and sugar cane from Asia became major cash crops for Latin American countries. The Exchange also brought new diseases to both hemispheres, though the effects were greatest in the Americas. Small pox from the Old World decimated millions of the Native American population to mere fractions of their original numbers. This more than any other factor made for European domination of the Americas. The overwhelming benefits of the Exchange went to the Europeans initially and eventually to the rest of the world. The Americas were forever altered and the once vibrant and rich cultures of the Native American civilizations were not only changed, but also lost, denying the world any complete understanding of their existence. Recent Discovery Claim In May 2014, Christopher Columbus made headlines as news broke that a team of archaeologists may have found the Santa Maria off the north coast of Haiti. Barry Clifford, the leader of this expedition, told the Independent newspaper that "all geographical, underwater topography and archaeological evidence strongly suggests this wreck is Columbus' famous flagship the Santa Maria." After a thorough investigation by the U.N. agency UNESCO, it was determined the the wreck dates from a later period and was located too far from shore to be the Santa Maria.

Christopher Columbus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Columbus Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie http://www.francophonie.org/ Découvrez sur le site de l\'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie ses actions dans les domaines de la politique internationale et de la coopération ... One Word | Christopher Columbus | Native Americans - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYTXRDtYzYc 24 Nov 2015 - 3 min - Uploaded by WatchCut VideoWe invited Native Americans to respond to "Christopher Columbus." These are their ... Native Americans in the United States - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States Native Americans; Total population; American Indian and Alaska Native (2010 Census Bureau) One race: 2,932,248 are registered In combination with one or more of the ... Celebrite : rechercher une célébrité et sa biographie ... http://www.jesuismort.com/biographie_celebrite_chercher/index.php Trouver la biographie d'une célébrité dans la liste. ... Sélectionner une celebrite et sa biographie: Vous ne trouvez pas ? | Hasard One Word | Reservation | Native Americans - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOWUDM1GBhk 24 Nov 2015 - 3 min - Uploaded by WatchCut VideoWe invited Native Americans to respond to the word ... Christopher Columbus - Explorer - Biography.com http://www.biography.com/people/christopher-columbus-9254209 Spanish explorer Christopher Columbus is remembered for his 1492 discovery of the 'New World,' and how his legacy of European colonization is a mixed one. Learn more ... National Geographic http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ Explore National Geographic. A world leader in geography, cartography and exploration. Here's what Native Americans have to say when they hear the name ... https://mic.com/articles/129200/here-s-what-native-americans-have-to-say-when-they-hear-the-name-christopher-columbus 25 Nov 2015 ... But Christopher Columbus' name is still a punch in the chest for some ... He got lost coming here and he's the one that named us Indians 'cause ... Native Americans - The First Owners of the American West http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-nativeamericans.html On our Native American Pages you'll learn about everything from Indian wars to the Trail Of Tears. Our Nations true Fore Fathers, their hero's, myths and legends. Ticketmaster: Buy Verified Tickets for … http://www.ticketmaster.com/ Find Your Fest All the best fests, all in one spot. March Madness The action, the drama, the madness - there's nothing like NCAA Basketball. One Word: Christopher Columbus - Facebook https://www.facebook.com/WatchCut/videos/522456597917232/ We invited Native Americans to respond to "Christopher Columbus." What did you learn in school about Christopher Columbus? For weekly videos, like us... First People of America and Canada - Native American Indians ... http://www.firstpeople.us/ Welcome to our web site, dedicated to all First People of North America and Canada, better known as Turtle Island. This is a child friendly, educational site about ... VideoLAN - VLC: Official site - Free … http://www.videolan.org/ Geoffrey Métais: DiffUtil off the UI thread. DiffUtil steps Threading Skip queued updates Code factorization As stated in the previous post, we do process all ... Here's What Native Americans Have To Say About Christopher ... http://www.buzzfeed.com/candacelowry/native-americans-respond-to-christopher-columbus 24 Nov 2015 ... Cut Video had Native Americans respond to hearing “Christopher Columbus,” and ... One Word: Christopher Columbus (Native Americans). Native Americans Facts for Kids: An American Indian website ... http://www.native-languages.org/kids.htm Native American Facts for Kids Resources on American Indians for Children and Teachers Welcome to Native Languages of the Americas! We are a non-profit organization ... Pennsylvania State University - Penn State-A … http://www.psu.edu/ It took an army of volunteers set the stage for the big event in Penn State's Bryce Jordan Center. Now, for the next 46 hours, more than 700 students will dance "For ... One Word - Episode 25: Christopher Columbus (Native Americans ... https://www.voicetube.com/videos/44275 18 Oct 2016 ... Learning English via Youtube video is an easier way to understand the pronunciation and the usage of vocabulary. Moreover, it's a good way to ... Famous People - Christopher Columbus - BBC - Home http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/famouspeople/christopher_columbus/ Columbus was an explorer. In 1492, he sailed from Europe to America. He and his sailors crossed the Atlantic Ocean, not knowing where they would land. It was a voyage ... SFGate: San Francisco Bay Area - News, Bay … http://www.sfgate.com/ 04/04/2017 · SFGate: Local news & information, updated weather, traffic, entertainment, celebrity news, sports scores and more. Native Americans React to Thanksgiving, Christopher Columbus ... http://www.elle.com/culture/career-politics/news/a32138/native-americans-react-thanksgiving-christopher-columbus/ 25 Nov 2015 ... Native Americans react to the word "Thanksgiving." ... myths, and who we were, and who we are, and really what we lost," one woman said. Voyages of Christopher Columbus - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyages_of_Christopher_Columbus Columbus believed the incorrect calculations of Marinus of Tyre, putting the landmass at 225 degrees, leaving only 135 degrees of water. Moreover, Columbus believed ... CNN Political Ticker– All politics, all the time - … http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/ The Political Ticker blog died of old age on Oct. 13, 2014, after eight years of faithful service to CNN's readers. The Ticker began quietly in October 2006, fueled ... 8 Myths and Atrocities About Christopher Columbus and Columbus ... https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/history/events/8-myths-and-atrocities-about-christopher-columbus-and-columbus-day/ 14 Oct 2013 ... On the second Monday of October each year, Native Americans cringe at the thought of honoring Christopher Columbus, a man who committed ... Christopher Columbus: Explorer - EnchantedLearning.com http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/page/c/columbus.shtml Columbus Day Activities: Christopher Columbus Map Activity A map activity on Columbus' 1492 voyage to the New World. Or go to the answers. Columbus Day Spelling Word ... EWTN Global Catholic Television Network: … http://www.ewtn.com/ The Catholic television network, featuring Catholic questions and answers, document library, audio library, Catholic news, and programming information for EWTN TV and ... Thanksgiving: Natives Americans reveal what they think about the ... http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/natives-americans-reveal-what-they-really-think-about-thanksgiving-day-a6751771.html 27 Nov 2015 ... The videos are the latest in Cut.com's word association One Word series ... The group of Native Americans – who were not identified by name ... Native American Cultures - History.com — American & World ... http://www.history.com/topics/native-american-history/native-american-cultures Article Details: Native American Cultures. Author. History.com Staff. Website Name. History.com. Year Published. 2009. Title. Native American Cultures. URL. http ... UNESCO | Building peace in the minds of men … http://www.unesco.org/ UNESCO encourages international peace and universal respect for human rights by promoting collaboration among nations. Its mission is to contribute to the building of ... Columbus Controversy - Exploration - HISTORY.com http://www.history.com/topics/exploration/columbus-controversy Find out more about the history of Columbus Controversy, including videos, ... As the classroom rhyme goes, Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in ... for all Americans to learn more about the Age of Exploration and the enormous ... The Graduate "One Word: Plastics" - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PSxihhBzCjk Nov 08, 2007 · Rating is available when the video has been rented. The Graduate "One Word: Plastics
One Word | Christopher Columbus | Native Americans One Word | Christopher Columbus | Native Americans One Word | Christopher Columbus | Native Americans

Commentaries "One Word | Christopher Columbus | Native Americans"

Was Christopher Columbus responsible for any crimes against the Native-Americans? Sort by
how did the native american indians react to christopher columbus? ... not mere words: after his second voyage, Columbus sent back a consignment of natives to be sold as... fund the first voyage), Columbus...
Where did NATIVE AMERICANS come from? 3 Answers · Arts & Humanities · 24/06/2014
Describe American history? it was known that the first word that came out of there mouths were "...
Who is Christopher Columbus? 4 Answers · Education & Reference · 06/12/2010
As we talk about Native Americans, many times,? ...! Potatoes are an american plant! They were first cultivated by indians...course they'd call them by the native word for it, which was the ONLY word...
Was Christopher Columbus a bad guy? Did he commit war crimes against the native americans? 6 Answers · Arts & Humanities · 21/09/2012
The Gospel of jesus christ told to the native Americans prior to christopher columbus? MONEY 1. Christopher Columbus was after the.... 2.The American Revolution...3. Moving the Native Americans off...
Did Christopher Columbus the first to discover the New World (America continent) or there was someone else ? 3 Answers · Education & Reference · 16/06/2007
Under what circumstances, a Native American chief said "The White man always speaks with a forked tongue? ...) and the first large-scale colonization of...basis for globalization. Columbus remains a controversial... many Native Americans – view him as...
1 106 1